A controversial topic that doesn’t seem to have enough said about it is one that I’ve been examining in my head lately as I join my new department. The subject of “pulling meters” is one that varies from department to department, and I can’t help but wonder. With everything becoming so nationally standardized, why hasn’t this become standardized as well?
Let me begin by saying that there are many schools of thought on this, and the following is merely my opinion on the matter. I’m a big believer in safety and training and that EVERYONE goes home, and that’s what I am basing my opinions off of.
First and foremost, in ideal and optimistic conditions, we should have the utility company come out and disable the power to the structure. The utility company has the proper training, safety equipment, and knowledge to get the job done with little to no risk to the first responders on scene. They also have the ability to ensure the power is fully shut off to the structure.
Knowing that “ideal conditions” don’t always happen, whether it be due to response time or unavailability, there are ways to protect yourself. Give your crews the best chance of safety and survival if you do happen to have to disable the power to the structure yourselves.
Most important is proper training. If removing the meter is the policy or practice of your department, most utility companies are more than willing to put on a training class in all aspects of electrical safety. Usually, all it takes is a phone call.
After training, proper equipment/safety practices are second in importance.
With these tools under your belt, your first step is to inform dispatch, so they can inform the local utility company that the meter has been/is being removed.
The second step, if at all possible, is to turn the main off at the power box from the house. This takes the electrical load off the meter and prevents any dangerous arcing as the meter is removed. Be advised, this doesn’t cut the power. It just removes the load and makes for an easy transition as the meter is removed from its housing. After checking the meter to ensure that the load has been removed, an attempt to remove the meter can be made.
Believe it or not, there is a special tool made specifically for removing residential and commercial electrical meters. For a quick look, you can click on the link here.
One of the major benefits of using this tool is that it helps prevent meter glass breakage that can make your small problem into a much bigger problem. In addition to structural firefighting PPE, using gloves rated for high voltage and standing on solid ground is a must!
One of the schools of thoughts I’ve discovered is that meter removal is a job that falls on the Chief or OIC. The reasoning behind this is that taking the responsibility as the Chief/OIC takes it off the shoulders of the other firefighters. The problem I see with that, however, is that it’s still putting someone at risk when it may not be necessary. If the Chief/OIC does happen to be injured while pulling the meter, the focus shifts from the structure fire at hand to the injured firefighter.
You must understand that just because you pull the electrical meter, it does not mean the power is completely removed from the building. Electrical theft is becoming more and more common in low-income settings and completely bypasses the utility company’s meter to the structure. Even though you’ve removed the meter, crews should still treat all electrical as if it is still energized as a precaution until it has been confirmed by the utility company.
Lastly, I’ve heard it said that some departments don’t have a policy on meter removal and most likely won’t have one until something happens. From a department’s standpoint, this is a terrible attitude to have. Waiting on an adverse event (reactive) instead of anticipating one (proactive) can create “knee jerk” policies that become unfavorable to operations and other policies, but that’s a whole article in itself.
I want to hear your feedback on the protocols and practices you have in your local jurisdiction. What are your department’s policies? Do you agree with them?
DISCLAIMER: This article is an opinion based article and is in NO WAY meant to be used for instructional and training purposes.
Michael Siefker was first introduced to me about 10 years ago as one of the instructors in my fire & ARFF academy. In April, 2015 he will become a retiree of the Amarillo Fire Department in the panhandle of Texas.
What made you want to become a Firefighter?
Since being a little kid, I have always aspired to do something that would help or assist others. I thought about being a Pediatrician, but 8 years of college didn’t sound too appealing to me. In High School my thoughts changed towards being Fire Fighter. I even subscribed to FireHouse Magazine. The entrance examinations in El Paso and Amarillo, Texas were very competitive, so I ventured towards some other career paths. I was going to college and working on a degree in Accounting. In 1991, my dream came true and I became a firefighter with Amarillo Fire Department.
How many years did you spend as a Firefighter before attempting to promote and when did you promote?
I didn’t promote as fast, or as soon as others in the Fire Department. I was a hoseman for 12 years before I promoted to Driver/Operator. I truly enjoyed being a hoseman and had a blast working that position. I find that position is where most of your experience will come from. Hoseman are the ones doing most of the grunt work and are exposed to almost every situation imaginable. In my observations on the other personnel, I had seen quite a few “2 Year Wonders”, and I swore I’d never be one of them. A “2 Year Wonder’ is a firefighter that is usually very book smart and will take a promotional test the first chance they can. On Amarillo Fire Department, you are eligible for a promotion after 2 years in a given position. In my opinion, these firefighters do not always make the best Officers. A small number do, but most do not. I contribute that to the lack of experience. I also think that most of those that are “book smart” tend to rely less on common sense and want everything written down in SOGs, SOPs or in the Rules and Regulations. They are usually a “Black and White” person. Most of these people place too much importance on book knowledge. (Don’t get me wrong, I think book knowledge is important) In times of emergencies they may fail to recall what they read for a particular situation. I think common sense and rational thinking are 2 of the best attributes to being an effective Fire Leader/Officer. Another thing about these”2 Year Wonders” is they spent most of their time at the station off away from the crew studying for the next test. That leads to very little interaction with the other firefighters. They were a type of social isolationist. I felt interacting with other firefighters was important. I would rather learn by listening to others’ stories or by others’ mistakes. The social interactions among firefighters, makes the bonds stronger too.
Is there anything you would like to pass on to the younger generation?
Be prepared for the work of a firefighter. Mentally, fitness-wise, training, knowledge, and be prepared physically for each shift, but most importantly have fun with the people you work with, enjoy what you do and you won’t have to work a day in your life. I have thoroughly enjoyed my time as a firefighter and hope you will too.
What is/are a couple of things you learned from your most valued mentor?
Honesty and integrity. I find these traits to be rarer than in the past, and that’s a shame. My firefighters need to know they can trust me, by my actions and words. I need to know that I can trust my rookie or hosemen or chiefs. If I assign someone to search and rescue or ventilation, it’s imperative that they are honest when I ask them about the completion of the tasks. If you’re dishonest at the fire station you’ll probably be dishonest at the fireground. Honesty and integrity are extremely valued by me. I need to trust the guys/gals I work with, and they need to know they can trust me too.
What is your best/favorite firefighting memory.
This really isn’t a “good” memory, but it was pivotal in my thoughts of firefighting and my beliefs. I was on Engine 61 and we were working a grass fire in a rural/urban interface area. It was extremely windy and hot. We had been assigned to keep the grass from jumping across a road. This was the first time I had ever seen a grassfire jump and move over 150’ in a matter of seconds. The heat was intense. I had the hoseline and was fixing to move to the backside of the Engine. I thought a fire truck between me and the fire was good protection. Lt. Neely (at the time) thought it was more important to protect the truck so we made a stand in front of the truck and kept it from burning. I figured that if Lt. Neely was willing to risk his life for a truck, I would too. I also learned to trust in other firefighter’s experience. I was still new at the time, but I trusted Lt. Neely’s decision and the outcome was good. The fire crossed the road, but our truck was okay and we survived. Trust who you work with and trust their experience. Sometimes in life the risks are worth it. Be willing to take the risks (but always have an exit strategy just in case).
Any advice to guys looking to make it to retirement?
One of the things I think was the hardest for me working on the fire department was the bureaucracy. In my opinion, it seems like lately it just keeps growing and growing. Keep the bureaucracy as separated from the station life as much as you can. When I started our fire department’s Rules and Regulations, SOPs, and Training Manual was 75 pages and most of that was how to tie knots and ladder raises. Now we have a bunch of manuals for Rules and Regulations, SOPs, SOGs and Training Manual and it grows on a daily basis. You have to deal with the bureaucracy, but limit your exposures and try to keep it separated from the station life.
What is one of your most memorable station life stories?
We used to have a driver that loved playing Rollercoaster Tycoon on the computer until the early morning hours. When he came to bed he would walk so quietly through the bedroom and use his wristwatch as a light to find his way. Bedrooms back then had to be dark and cold. One day I thought it would be funny to put a can/air horn under his bed. I even stacked magazines under it until it hit the wood cross member on mattress’ foundation. Any weight applied to the top mattress traveled down and hit the button on the air horn. It worked perfectly. That night I couldn’t sleep, and finally got to see him make his way in the bedroom. He sat on his mattress and it went off. I couldn’t keep quiet, I had to laugh. The best part is he sat on the bed again and it sounded for the second time. It was then he realized it was under the bed and he grabbed the can and threw it at my corner.
Any final comments or questions?
If you have chosen firefighting as a career and you plan to retire from it someday, have a plan. My goal was to be debt free or close to it when that day came. I worked hard to accomplish that. I had originally wanted to work until I was 55, but an opportunity came up that was a dream for my family and I took it. Luckily, I was in a good situation and able to do that. Be prepared and ready even before that day gets here. If you retire debt free, you’ll be surprised at what you can afford.
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